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What is Myoma Uteri?

Benign tumors arising from smooth muscle cells in the uterus myoma uteri It is called. Tumors usually occur during women's reproductive years and often do not cause symptoms. However, in some cases, it can cause problems such as heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, urinary problems and infertility. The size and number of myomas vary. Treatment may vary depending on the severity of symptoms and the patient's condition. It may require surgical intervention.

What are the Symptoms of Myoma Uteri?

The most common symptom is menstrual bleeding that is heavier or longer than normal. As fibroids grow, pain or a feeling of pressure in the pelvic area may occur. Large tumors can cause swelling of the abdominal area. It can put pressure on the bladder, causing the need to urinate frequently. It may cause pain during sexual intercourse in some women. Rarely, it can put pressure on the legs and cause pain.

It can sometimes cause infertility or miscarriage, but this is less common. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a healthcare professional. myoma uteri diagnosis It can usually be detected by pelvic examination, ultrasound or other imaging methods.

What are the Risk Factors for Myoma Uteri?

What is Myoma Uteri?

It is usually seen in women in the reproductive period and the risk decreases after menopause. The risk of developing this condition is higher in women with a family history of the disease.

Women of African descent have a higher risk than other ethnic groups. The risk of development may increase in women who start menstruating at an early age. It is more likely to occur in women who are overweight or obese.

High consumption of red meat and low consumption of vegetables may increase the risk. Some birth control methods and hormone treatments may affect risk. However, this effect may vary from person to person.

Chronic high blood pressure can increase the risk of the disease. Excessive alcohol consumption, especially beer, can increase the risk. The risk of developing it may be higher in nulliparous women than in parous women. Each of these factors myoma uteri may increase the risk.

However, the development of this situation may occur through the interaction of more than one factor. Women's personal health conditions and lifestyles can have a significant impact on fibroid development. Therefore, it is important to consult a healthcare professional about personal health history and risk factors.

What are the Myoma Uteri Treatment Methods?

What is Myoma Uteri?

Not all myomas require treatment. If symptoms are mild or absent, the doctor can monitor your condition with regular exams. Hormone-based medications help slow its growth and relieve symptoms.

Painkillers can reduce pain and discomfort. Uterine artery embolization blocks the blood vessels that feed fibroids with small particles. Thus causing it to shrink.

Myomectomy aims to remove tumors but preserve the uterus. It may be an option for future pregnancies. Hysteroscopic resection removes small fibroids inside the uterus by hysteroscopy.

Endometrial ablation destroys the tissue lining the uterus. It is generally preferred in patients with excessive menstrual bleeding. However, pregnancy is not recommended after this treatment. Hysteroscopy is used for small fibroids inside the uterus. It is a minimally invasive procedure performed by inserting a camera into the uterus.

Minimally invasive surgical methods allow tumors to be removed with smaller incisions. Radiofrequency ablation is a method that uses radio waves to reduce size. Total or subtotal hysterectomy method is the process of completely or partially removing the uterus.

It is generally considered a last resort for women who have failed other treatment methods or who no longer want to have children. Each treatment method has advantages, risks and potential side effects. Because, myoma uteri It is important to discuss it in detail with the doctor when choosing the appropriate treatment option for your condition.

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