If the couple does not have a child for one year despite regular and unprotected intercourse, the treatment method applied to the family to have a child is called infertility treatment. This is limited to 6 months for those over 35 years old.
What is infertility?
What are the symptoms of infertility?
Among the symptoms of infertility, the most common ones can be listed as follows:
- irregular or irregular menstruation,
- Severe aches and pains during menstruation
- Heavy bleeding during menstruation
- Milk comes out of the breast when not pregnant
- excessive weight gain,
- The problem of excessive hair growth and acne associated with hormonal disruption
- Erection and ejaculation problems in men
- Pain and swelling in the testicles
- Men may experience symptoms such as low semen. In addition, with age, the efficiency in the reproductive organs decreases.
Causes of infertility
Infertility can be caused by many different causes such as sexual dysfunctions. A full system check and control is required to detect sterility. Patients are questioned and examined in detail by the physician. It is recommended that couples who do not have children go to the doctor together. Infertility is examined differently in men or women. Men undergo a physical examination first. The penis and testicles are examined in detail.
Varicocele and gynecomastia, that is, breast enlargement, are examined. After 3-5 days of abstinence, sperms are taken into a container and examined in detail. Shortly before this test, the person should not ejaculate, masturbate or have sexual intercourse. The reproductive organs and hormonal status of the woman are assessed. For a woman to become pregnant, the endocrine glands, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland must function properly. These glands are located in the brain. The endocrine and reproductive systems need to function harmoniously and in a healthy manner.
The factors that cause infertility in men can be listed as follows:
- Low sperm count
- sperm morphological defect,
- inability of sperm to move or move slowly,
- low sperm concentration,
- sexual dysfunctions,
- Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
- Take drugs,
- hormonal disorders,
- Infectious diseases of the womb or childhood.
The factors that cause infertility in men and women can be listed as follows:
- low egg reserve,
- uterine tubes closed,
- Ovulation disorder
- polycystic verse syndrome,
- Chocolate cysts in the ovaries (endometrium),
- irregular menstruation
- thyroid problems,
- high prolactin level,
- Immune system problems
- large fibroids that develop into the uterus,
- Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
- The chance of fertility decreases with age,/li>
- early menopause
- Cancers that occur near the genital area and the medications used to treat these cancers.
What do you look for in couples who will receive infertility treatment?
- Presence of eggs and ovulation: It is generally said that women who have regular menstrual cycles ovulate.
- In order for conception to occur, the number and shape of spermatozoa must be at a sufficient level.
- Absence of any defect or blockage in the pathway that allows the egg and sperm to unite.
How is infertility diagnosed?
Infertility treatment methods
Infertility can be caused by several different factors, and there are several types of treatment methods. After determining the cause and type of infertility, IVF treatment is recommended, which is one of the methods of assisted reproductive therapy. In this type of treatment, fertilization is done by combining sperm taken from the father and the egg, which is the reproductive cell of the mother, in a laboratory setting. After the formation of the fetus is left in the mother’s womb and pregnancy is achieved. Here are some of the commonly used methods of treating infertility;
- Egg Rejuvenation (PRP)
- IVF treatment
- egg freezing
- Fetus shaving
- assistant cradle
- Mitochondrial transport
The method for infertile people varies depending on the cause of the infertility and whether there are sperm in the semen. We can list the methods that can be applied to treat male infertility as follows;
- Infertility treatment with medication
- Infertility treatment with a needle
- Method of vaccination against infertility
- Assisted Reproductive Techniques
Medicines to treat male infertility
In cases where infertility is caused by hormonal disorders, drug therapy is applied. When the hormones that control sperm production decline, replacing the hormones contributes to sperm production again. In this condition, called hypogonadism, spermatozoa can be restored after drug therapy for up to two years; This way, you can get pregnant with physical therapy or IVF treatment.
Male Infertility Injection
One of the ways to treat male infertility patients that can be treated with medication is injection therapy. It is very important to be patient because the injection can take on average 1-2 years.
- The presence of normal and morphologically motile sperms in the male.
- The normal level of ovulation and the quality of eggs in women.
- The absence of any obstacle in the woman.
Is infertility treatment difficult?
Infertility treatment has become easier nowadays. In the past, egg collection was performed laparoscopically (a surgical method performed through a small hole in the abdomen). Patients are very uncomfortable with this technique. However, nowadays it is performed using transvaginal ultrasound under general anaesthesia or superficial anaesthesia
The patient can go home two hours after egg collection. At the same time, the development of drug technology, ease of use of drugs, reduced pain at the injection site, and minimal interactions have facilitated this treatment.
Frequently asked questions about infertility treatment
1-How does infertility affect women?
Infertility can be seen as a barrier to women becoming mothers. It can also be considered changes in self-perception such as infertility, loss of children, loss of control, loss of femininity, loss of physical health and functionality, loss of status, loss of imagination, and loss of self-confidence.
2- What are the problems of infertility?
3-What are the types of infertility?
- Primary infertility: It is a type of infertility that appears in women who have not been pregnant before. It accounts for about 40% of infertile couples.
- Secondary infertility: : It is a type of infertility seen in pregnant women before.
4-How long does infertility treatment take?
In some cases, infertility treatment may take a month, while the treatment process may take up to 6 months depending on some underlying causes. When treatment methods such as vaccination or sexual intercourse are applied in time, the procedure can be completed in a shorter time.
5-How do we know infertility in women?
The simplest symptom of infertility in women of childbearing age is irregular menstruation. For example, if the interval between two menstrual cycles is shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days, this can be considered a sign of infertility, irregular ovulation that leads to infertility