It is a situation where a couple cannot achieve pregnancy within a year despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. infertility in womenIt may be caused by disorders of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Factors such as hormonal imbalances, endometriosis, and polycystic ovary syndrome may cause it. Diagnosis and treatment are made through medical evaluations and various treatment methods.
What are the symptoms of infertility in women?
Symptoms of infertility in women, may vary depending on underlying health problems.
A normal menstrual cycle usually lasts 28 days. However, this period may vary for each woman. If your cycles are too short (less than 21 days) or too long (more than 35 days), it may be a sign of ovulation problems.
If your periods have stopped completely, this may be a sign.
Extremely painful menstrual periods can be a symptom of conditions that may be related to infertility.
Feeling pain during sexual intercourse can be an indicator of reproductive health problems.
Excessive weight gain and excessive weight loss, hormonal disorder may cause it to occur.
Hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovary syndrome cause increased body hair. It may also cause skin changes.
Constant fatigue or lack of energy may be a result of hormonal imbalances.
Recurrent miscarriages can be a problem associated with infertility.
It should not be forgotten that each of these symptoms may indicate different health conditions. It may not always result in infertility. If you experience such symptoms, you should consult a gynecologist. The specialist can perform the necessary tests for appropriate diagnosis and treatment methods.
What Causes Infertility in Women?
There are many possible reasons. These reasons are often complex and multifaceted. Absence or irregular ovulation is one of the most common causes. Polycystic ovary syndrome, dysfunction of the hypothalamus, is in this category. It is in the category of premature ovarian failure.
Blockage of the fallopian tubes prevents the egg from meeting the sperm or the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus. Infections, endometriosis, or previous surgery can cause this blockage. It may also be caused by problems with the uterus or cervix.
Intrauterine adhesions, abnormal shapes, and problems in the cervical canal are given as examples. Endometriosis is the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It may cause problems. This condition can affect the ovaries and fallopian tubes. It may affect the intrauterine tissue, making it difficult for the embryo to implant.
Loss of ovarian function before the normal age of menopause is one of the causes. Adhesions formed as a result of pelvic surgery, endometriosis, and disease prevent the egg from passing through the tubes. Women's fertility begins to decline, especially after age 35.
Age can affect egg quality and quantity. It can be caused by smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive weight gain or loss, excessive physical or emotional stress and environmental toxins. Or it may worsen existing problems. infertility in women It is important to consult a gynecologist for diagnosis and treatment. It enables a personalized evaluation and treatment plan to be made.
Infertility Treatment in Women
Treatment may include a variety of methods and approaches. Treatments vary depending on the person's specific condition. It can also be determined according to the underlying causes of the problem. Medications may be used to stimulate ovulation.
The medications stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs. It aims to increase natural ovulation. Surgical intervention is required in cases of unblocking the tubes, removal of myomas, and endometriosis.
In the artificial insemination method, high quality sperm is placed directly into the woman's uterus. This increases the sperm's chance of meeting the egg. In the in vitro fertilization method, eggs taken from the woman are fertilized with sperm in a laboratory environment.
The resulting embryo is transferred to the woman's uterus. If the couple cannot conceive with their own egg or sperm cells. Donor eggs or sperm can be used.
In some cases, another woman (gestational carrier) completes the pregnancy by carrying the couple's embryo. Lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise and stress management can increase the effectiveness of treatment. Additionally, supportive treatments such as acupuncture may also be helpful.
Infertility treatment in women Thanks to advances and technological innovations, the chances of pregnancy have increased significantly. However, the treatment plan must be customized for each individual. It is important for couples to cooperate closely with a specialist in this process.