The menstrual period is defined as the regular contraction of the uterus every month and the blood in the uterus coming out of the body. Menstrual pains occur as a result of the contraction of the muscles in the uterine wall. Some women are very painful menstruation While they are going through this period, some of them can continue their daily social life.
What Causes Painful Menstruation?
Menstrual pain is seen as severe cramp-like pain felt in the waist and groin during the first 2 days of the menstrual period. Painful menstruation is a very normal situation to occur during a normal menstrual period. Women experience severe pain as a result of uterine contractions. In addition to painful menstrual pain, nausea, dizziness, headache, weakness and diarrhea may occur. Menstrual pain that occurs every month due to the repetition of menstruation is called primary dysmenorrhea. Apart from this, pain that occurs due to the medical reasons mentioned below is called secondary dysmenorrhea.
- Cervical stenosis: If the width of the cervix is small enough to prevent menstrual flow, it is called pain caused by increased pressure inside the uterus.
- Endometriosis: It is called severe pain that occurs as a result of the tissue layer covering the inside of the uterus growing towards the areas outside the uterus. In addition to painful menstruation, it can also be felt during sexual intercourse.
- Uterine fibroids: They are benign tumors that are very common in the uterus of women. It can generally be seen in half of women between the ages of 30-40. During the menstrual period, excessive blood flow and severe pain may occur. Since they are benign tumors, there is almost no possibility of them turning into cancer.
- Adenomyosis: It can cause symptoms such as severe menstrual pain when the lining tissues in the inner part of the uterus settle between the uterine muscles. There are types that pose risks and require surgery.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease: It is a type of infection that occurs in the female reproductive organs. It has been observed that it is transmitted through sexual contact. It causes severe pain.
How to Get Rid of Painful Menstruation?
It was very violent painful menstruation Painkillers prescribed by the doctor can be used to relieve pain. Apart from medical methods, some of the various methods that can be used to relieve pain are as follows:
Hot water bag: Hot applications applied to the groin or back area will be effective in relieving menstrual pain. Using a hot towel or a warm bath rather than using a water bottle also helps relieve pain.
Massage: Massage to the lower abdomen also plays an effective role in relieving menstrual pain. An average of 15-20 minutes of massage will be good.
Exercise: Menstrual pain can be relieved thanks to the endorphins secreted in the body during light physical activities such as yoga or walking.
Herbal teas: Herbal teas, such as chamomile tea, that have a relaxing effect on the nerves that carry the sensation of pain, help relieve your pain.