It is a condition in which progesterone, a hormone secreted together with estrogen in women, is below normal levels. Progesterone is produced mainly in the second half of the menstrual cycle and also plays an important role during pregnancy. low progesterone It may depend on many factors. The most common causes include anovulation (lack of ovulation), polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid problems, excessive stress, malnutrition, excessive exercise and some medications.
Symptoms of Low Progesterone
It is secreted in the second half of the menstrual cycle and causes the inner layer of the uterus to thicken. If progesterone is low, the inner layer of the uterus cannot thicken and menstrual irregularities may occur. When progesterone levels are low, the lining of the uterus is insufficient to thicken, which can lead to excessive bleeding during menstruation.
Progesterone creates a suitable environment necessary for pregnancy by thickening the inner layer of the uterus. If it is lower than the desired level in our body, the inner layer of the uterus will not thicken enough and pregnancy will not occur.
During pregnancy, progesterone reduces the risk of miscarriage by preventing the uterine muscles from relaxing. Otherwise, there may be a risk of miscarriage in pregnant women.
low progesteronecauses edema in the breast tissue. If progesterone levels are low, breast tenderness may decrease.
Headaches are common during periods when progesterone levels are low, especially during the premenstrual period. Mood changes may occur in women. Psychological problems, especially depression and anxiety, may occur.
Low Progesterone Treatment Methods
Treatment methods for this disease must first be diagnosed by a doctor, as it is a problem with female reproductive health. Once diagnosed, treatment methods may be as follows:
Progesterone Supplement: Your doctor may prescribe a progesterone supplement. These supplements can often be taken orally, used as a vaginal gel, or administered as subcutaneous implants.
Dietary Changes: Some foods, especially fibrous foods, can help progesterone production. Additionally, a healthy diet and exercise plan can increase levels.
Lifestyle Changes: Lifestyle changes such as reducing stress, improving sleep patterns, and exercising can help progesterone production.
Medications: Some medications can increase progesterone production. These medications can be sold with or without a prescription.
Birth Control Pills: Some women can increase it with birth control pills.
low progesterone Treatment may vary depending on the woman's age, health condition and level of treatment in the person. Therefore, a doctor's recommendation is always the best option.