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What is Painful Sexual Intercourse?

Dyspareunia, in its medical name, refers to pain experienced during or after sexual activity. Both men and women can be affected by this condition. Pain may be felt in the genital area, in the pelvis, or in deeper abdominal areas. Painful sexual intercourse, It may negatively affect the quality of sexual life.

What are the symptoms of painful sexual intercourse?

What is Painful Sexual Intercourse?Pain may be felt in the pelvic area, vulva, around the penis or anus during intercourse. The intensity and character of the pain (sharp, stinging, burning, etc.) may vary from person to person. Pain or discomfort around the pelvic area, genital area, or abdomen may continue after sexual activity. Due to painful sexual experiences, anxiety and fear may develop before sexual intercourse. Vaginal dryness, which can be seen especially in women during menopause, can cause pain during sexual intercourse. Always painful sexual intercourse Living can lead to a decrease in sexual desire.

Tightening of the vaginal muscles is known as vaginismus. This condition makes sexual intercourse difficult or impossible as a result of involuntary contraction of the vaginal muscles. Causes include infections and hormonal changes. It also causes inadequate lubrication and physical problems. The reasons may include psychological factors and many other factors. If painful sexual intercourse If you experience this, it is important to consult a gynecologist and obstetrician. Because the underlying causes must be determined for proper diagnosis and treatment.

What Causes Painful Sexual Intercourse?

Not enough lubrication can increase friction and cause pain. This may be due to the short duration of foreplay. It may also be due to lower estrogen levels, such as during menopause, or the side effects of certain medications. Sexually transmitted diseases and infections such as vaginitis can cause pain. Physical trauma such as postpartum tears or surgical interventions. Psychological stress and anxiety can cause pelvic area muscles to tighten and cause pain. Past trauma, such as sexual abuse or rape, can cause pain during sexual intercourse.

Decreased estrogen levels lead to thinning of vaginal tissues and dryness. This situation painful sexual intercourse may cause it to occur. Miscommunication or emotional problems between partners also contribute to pain during sexual intercourse. The best approach for this type of pain is to consult a gynecologist. The underlying cause of the pain can be determined through necessary tests and examinations. The appropriate treatment method can be decided. Treatment may vary depending on the cause of the pain. It may include hormonal treatments, pelvic floor exercises, psychotherapy, or appropriate medications.

Treatment of Painful Sexual Intercourse

What is Painful Sexual Intercourse?If there is not enough vaginal moisture, water-based lubricants can be used. Estrogen levels decrease in women after menopause. For this reason, there may be pain due to vaginal dryness. Estrogen creams, tablets or rings can be used for these pains. Painkillers can be a temporary solution, especially for pain due to infections. In case of excessive tension of the pelvic floor muscles, it is necessary to relax these muscles. Physiotherapy techniques can be applied for this. Vaginal dilators are used for conditions such as vaginismus. These devices can help reduce pain during intercourse by widening the vaginal canal.

Psychological origin painful sexual intercourse Therapies can be applied with the help of a therapist. Couple therapies, sexual education and counseling can be evaluated in this context. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also be done. These techniques help in reducing psychological factors. Vestibulectomy may be performed for specific conditions such as vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. It is necessary to consult a gynecologist before applying these treatments. It is important to make a detailed evaluation. Treatment should be individualized based on the cause of the problem and the person's specific health condition.

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